An analysis of worlds greatest philosophers

It should be noted, first and foremost, that philosophy in its traditional sense was science — philosophers like Aristotle used rationality to come to scientific knowledge of the world around us. It was not until relatively modern times that philosophy was considered to be separate from the physical sciences.

An analysis of worlds greatest philosophers

LeiterReports I take this as fairly representative of consensus opinion—one might argue about some figures versus those left out, or the precise ordering, but most would think e.

Plato and Aristotle should be there, and near the top. All are dead, and only two were alive during the 20th century. Where are the 13 Platos in modern day Attica? Consider this toy example. The population of modern day Attica admittedly slightly larger geographically than Attica in the time of Plato is 3.

I am sure there are many very able philosophers in modern day Athens, but none enjoy the renown of Plato; were Plato alive today, instead of be recognized as one of the greatest of all time, perhaps he would be struggling to get tenure instead.

This example turns on how one defines the comparison classes, and these are open to dispute e. But the underlying point stands: If philosophical greatness were a matter of natural lottery, the most extreme values of a much larger population are usually greater than that of a much smaller population, and the distribution of greatest philosophers should be uniform by birth rank.

It would be incredibly surprising that three of the top ten greatest philosophers of all time Plato, Aristotle, Socrates would be situated in such a small fraction of this population. I list a few of the most salient below: No matter how gifted, it is hard to become a great philosopher if you die in childhood.

As the world is now richer and safer, budding philosophers have a much greater chance of being able to devote their time to philosophical training and understanding, instead of being trapped in subsistence farming or political intrigue.

Robert Louis Heilbroner

Insofar as philosophy is a constructive endeavour on prior work, we have the benefit of years of subsequent philosophy that Plato could never access. Insofar as philosophical understanding can be informed by other fields e.

An analysis of worlds greatest philosophers

Technology allows us to have much wider and easier access to our peers and philosophical work. Skipping across fields, one may wonder whether if Shakespeare were alive today he might be producing films or TV rather than plays.

Similarly, there has been a proliferation of fields in academia, and people who would have been philosophers in an earlier time might in the modern day work in a different field. If on balance these factors favor the present over the past, why are the greatest philosophers skewed towards the past, when they should be skewed towards the present?

The benefits of being good in the past I suggest a better explanation of why the greatest tend to be ancient lies in how we perceive philosophical work.

An analysis of worlds greatest philosophers

First is low-hanging fruit. In fields like science and mathematics, one may suggest it is easier to make earlier breakthroughs versus subsequent ones: Second, related to the first, a mix of polymath premium and forefather effect. Given the relatively primitive and unexplored state of the field of philosophy in antiquity, there are lower heights to scale to reach the limit of human knowledge, and one can stake ones claim to much wider expanses of ground.

Third, and also related, is retroactive esteem. Even though modern day Aristotelian ethics goes much further than Aristotle ever did, that it all refers to his work gives him an almost mythic quality. But it perhaps should make us less deferential towards the ancient greats.

This is also an optimistic iconoclasm. Many, perhaps most, universities boast a philosophy department that puts the Lyceum or the Academy to shame.Famous Philosophers / 50 Greatest Philosophers.

Here is an overview of great philosophers and major schools of thought that have punctuated the long history of philosophy from Ancient Greece to the Modern World. Philosophy has shaped the world. From science to politics, the great philosophers challenged the ways that we see things.

And while you probably know many famous Greek philosophers, the list of philosophers is much longer than that. Feb 19,  · It should be noted, first and foremost, that philosophy in its traditional sense was science – philosophers (like Aristotle) used rationality to come to scientific knowledge of the world around us.

Famous Philosophers / 50 Greatest Philosophers. Here is an overview of great philosophers and major schools of thought that have punctuated the long history of philosophy from Ancient Greece to the Modern World. the story of philosophy the lives and opinions of the world s greatest philosophers Download Book The Story Of Philosophy The Lives And Opinions Of The World S Greatest Philosophers in PDF format. You can Read Online The Story Of Philosophy The Lives And Opinions Of The World S Greatest Philosophers here in PDF, EPUB, Mobi or Docx formats. Renowned philosophers like Aristotle used rationality to come to scientific knowledge of the world around us. It is not until relatively modern times that philosophy was considered separate from modern sciences and treated as a study (not necessarily scientific) of the fundamental and general nature of reality, existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind .

It was not until relatively modern times that philosophy was considered to . In the canon of western philosophy, generally those regarded as the ‘greatest’ philosophers tend to live far in the past.

Consider this example from an informal poll: I take this as fairly representative of consensus opinion—one might argue about some figures versus those left out, or the.

the story of philosophy the lives and opinions of the world s greatest philosophers Download Book The Story Of Philosophy The Lives And Opinions Of The World S Greatest Philosophers in PDF format.

You can Read Online The Story Of Philosophy The Lives And Opinions Of The World S Greatest Philosophers here in PDF, EPUB, Mobi or Docx formats. •.. anIntroduction ~-toLogicand, Its Philosophy Raymond Bradley / NormanSwartz. Possible-worlds analysis Degrees of analytical knowledge 3.

THE PARADOX OF ANALYSIS contains much that is evil, it is nonetheless the best of all possible worlds. Few philosophers today find.

Famous Philosophers - List of World Famous Philosophers & Their Biographies