However, BMI doesn't directly measure body fat, so some people, such as muscular athletes, may have a BMI in the obese category even though they don't have excess body fat. Ask your doctor if your BMI is a problem.
References Childhood obesity is a complex health issue. It occurs when a child is well above the normal or healthy weight for his or her age and height. Where people live can affect their ability to make healthy choices. Behavior Behaviors that influence excess weight gain include eating high-calorie, low-nutrient foods and beverages, not getting enough physical activity, sedentary activities such as watching television or other screen devices, medication use, and sleep routines.
In contrast, consuming a healthy diet and being physically active can help children grow as well as maintain a healthy weight throughout childhood.
Balancing energy or calories consumed from foods and beverages with the calories burned through activity plays a role in preventing excess weight gain.
In addition, eating healthy and being physically active also has other health benefits and helps to prevent chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes, cancer, and heart disease. Use these resources to eat well and be active!
A healthy diet follows the Dietary Guidelines for Americans that emphasizes eating a variety of vegetables and fruits, whole grains, a variety of lean protein foods, and low-fat and fat-free dairy products.
It also limits eating foods and beverages with added sugars, solid fats, or sodium. The Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans recommends children aged 6 years or older do at least 60 minutes of physical activity every day.
Community Environment It can be difficult for children and parents to make healthy food choices and get enough physical activity when they are exposed to environments that do not support healthy habits. Places such as child care centers, schools, or communities can affect diet and activity through the foods and drinks they offer and the opportunities for physical activity they provide.
Other community factors that affect diet and physical activity include the affordability of healthy food options, peer and social supports, marketing and promotion, and policies that determine how a community is designed.
Consequences of Obesity More Immediate Health Risks Obesity during childhood can have a harmful effect on the body in a variety of ways. Children who have obesity are more likely to have High blood pressure and high cholesterol, which are risk factors for cardiovascular disease CVD.
Increased risk of impaired glucose tolerance, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes. Breathing problems, such as asthma and sleep apnea. Joint problems and musculoskeletal discomfort. Fatty liver disease, gallstones, and gastro-esophageal reflux i. Childhood obesity is also related to Psychological problems such as anxiety and depression.
Low self-esteem and lower self-reported quality of life. Social problems such as bullying and stigma. Future Health Risks Children who have obesity are more likely to become adults with obesity.
Childhood obesity and cardiovascular dysfunction.
J Am Coll Cardiol. Childhood obesity and risk of the adult metabolic syndrome: Int J Obes Lond.With all three, your body can't make or use insulin. One of every four people with diabetes doesn't know they have it. That amounts to about 7 million Americans. Individual behaviors and environmental factors can contribute to excess caloric intake and inadequate amounts of physical activity.
The current high rates of obesity have been attributed to, in part, increased snacking and eating away from home, larger portion sizes, greater exposure to food advertising, limited access to physical activity opportunities, and labor-saving technological advances (Duffey & Popkin, .
Childhood obesity is a complex health issue. It occurs when a child is well above the normal or healthy weight for his or her age and height.
The causes of excess weight gain in young people are similar to those in adults, including factors such as a person’s behavior and genetics. one factor that contributes to an individual being overweight. Understanding contributing factors will assist in serving the needs of obese individuals as well as in prioritizing soci-.
Obesity is a complex health issue to address. Obesity results from a combination of causes and contributing factors, including individual factors such as behavior and genetics.
Behaviors can include dietary patterns, physical activity, inactivity, medication use, and other exposures. Many people don't know they have diabetes or at risk of getting it. WebMD explains the risk factors for type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes. Obesity or being overweight.