But during the Vietnam War, in consideration of young people in military service, 29 states lowered the legal drinking age. As a result, there was no uniform drinking age, with some states choosing 18, 19, or 20, and some states also putting restrictions on types of beverages that could be purchased such as beer and wine, or limited the right to on-premise sales only, etc. As a result of these changes, there was a marked increase in car fatalities where young people and drinking was involved. This patchwork of laws also led to problems at state borders, creating significant risk for teens that would drive to an adjacent state to obtain or consume alcohol.
In the United States all 50 states have the minimum drinking age set at 21, the highest in the world. Many European countries have the minimum set at Over the past several years, many studies have been conducted to study whether the drinking age should be lowered or raised. Pros and Cons of Minimum Drinking Age Those who support lowering the minimum drinking age argue that so far the age has not stopped teen drinking and has instead, increased underage binge drinking which can lead to more health and life threatening issues.
Those who are opposed to lowering the minimum drinking age say that adolescents have not yet reached the age where alcohol can be handled responsible and are more likely to harm or kill themselves or others prior to age This group argues that traffic fatalities decrease when the minimum drinking age is increased.
Studies from Harvard, Northwestern University, and University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee showed that young adults who had taken various amounts of marijuana, showed abnormalities such as cognitive decline, poor attention, and memory and decreased IQ for those that used at least 1x per week.
Understanding Potential Outcomes So should the legal drinking age be raised to 25, or lowered to 18? Given the science on the physical and neurodevelopment of individuals between the ages of there needs to be more informed conversation around legislation and possible changes to drinking laws.
Teens, adolescents and young adults need to be educated on drugs and alcohol as well as effects of taking substances. Crashes increased when the drinking age was lowered, and declined when the drinking age was raised. According to the University of Minnesota who reviewed over 57 studies, found that older drinking ages were associated with lower crash rates.
Excessive drinking contributes to more than 4, deaths among people below the age of 21 each year in the United States and costs the economy 24 billion dollars annually. Taking a Closer Look At Legislation Legislation in New Hampshire, and Minnesota is considering that those 18 years and older can consume wine and beer not liquor in a public, commercial establishment as long as they are accompanied by a person who is 21 years or older.
In California, a legislation is being considered that would lower the drinking age to He states that if this was done that it would increase the availability to alcohol of those at ages younger than John McCardell, former President of Middlebury College in Vermont, is a strong supporter of lowering the drinking age.
He states that lowering the drinking age includes alcohol education, like driving education.
Alcohol education that is mandatory in all high school classes that would include chemistry of alcohol, physical consequences of abuse, and sitting on Alcoholic Anonymous sessions.
Education and social responsibility would also include passing an exam to obtain a license to drink. Many opponents say that individuals are unable to manage alcohol responsibly on a social and cognitive level until age Those in favor or lowering the drinking age say that it will lower the alcohol related crashes.
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What are you in support of? Lowering or Raising the drinking age and why?There are pros and cons to legalizing drinking at the age of In the United States, there are two components to agreeing to a lower drinking age. They are comprised of individual state rights as well as those who feel that those who are legally adults have the right to choose what they want to drink.
The Pros and Cons Of Drinking At 18 Lowering the drinking age to an 18, 19 and year-old can do everything a year-old can do, except drink alcohol. The year-old drinking age is.
Should the drinking age be lowered from 21 to a younger age? Read pros, cons, and expert responses in the debate. U NDERSTAND T HE I SSUES. The presidents of colleges have called for lowering the drinking age from 21 [see Amethyst Initiative above].
(MLDA) from 21 is that and year-olds are drinking anyway, so why not . The Pros of Lowering the Drinking Age to 18 Many states already allow underage drinking to occur.
In 29 states in the US, drinking is allowed at the age of 18 as long as it occurs on private premises and is done with parental permission.
50% of the US allows for underage alcohol consumption if it is done for some religious purpose. Feb 25, · The Drinking Age Debate: Pros and Cons of Lowering the Legal Drinking Age Posted on February 24, For decades, ever since the days of Prohibition, in fact, many politicians, academics, and parents alike have engaged in the drinking age debate – the question being whether or not the legal drinking age of 21 should be lowered to 18?4/5(12).
Raising the drinking age, or lowering it, has been a hot debate among community and national groups, as well as policy makers for several years. Debate on Raising the Legal Drinking Age: Pros and Cons.
In the United States all 50 states have the minimum drinking age set at 21, the highest in the world. Many European countries have the.